October 29, 2021 - December 31, 2022
Worldwide, 47.5 million people have dementia, 5.4 million in America, with the most common form being Alzheimer’s disease. It is speculated that this number will almost double every 20 years reaching 75 million by 2030.
Dementia is a serious mental illness characterized by a gradual decline in cognitive function interfering with daily activity and independent living. The risk for developing dementia includes many factors such as genetic predisposition, stroke, head/brain injury, depression, and the presence of cardiovascular disease risk factors. While there is no cure for dementia, there are interventions available to help improve the quality of life and functioning. Movement for Memory is specifically designed for early-stage dementia and/or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This table shows changes for the most common types of dementia.
|ABILITY||POSSIBLE CHANGES DUE TO NORMAL AGEING||POSSIBLE CHANGES DUE TO DEMENTIA|
|Short-term Memory||Sometimes forgetting a person’s name or appointment, but remembering it later.||Forgetting the names of close friends or family.|
|Occasionally forgetting something you’re told.||Asking for the same information over an over.|
|Misplacing items from time to time, but retracing your steps to find them.||Putting objects in unusual places—for example placing your house keys in the bathroom cabinet.|
|Planning, Problem-solving & Decision Making||Getting less able to juggle multiple tasks, especially when distracted.||Having a lot of difficulty concentrating.|
|Being a bit slower to react or think things through.||Getting very confused when planning or thinking things through.|
|Language||Having a bit of trouble finding the right word sometimes.||Having frequent problems finding the right word.|
|Orientation||Getting confused about the day or week but figuring it out later.||Losing track of the date, season, and passage of time.|
|Going into a room and forgetting why, but remembering again.||Getting lost or not knowing where you are in a familiar place.|
|Visual Perceptual Skills||Vision changes related to changes in the eyes.||Problems interpreting visual information. For example, having difficulty judging distances on stairs.|
|Mood and Behavior||Sometimes being weary of work, family, or social obligations.||Becoming withdrawn and losing interest in work, socializing, or hobbies.|
Physical exercise and brain exercise are critical to prevention efforts. Large reputable studies have shown that a lifestyle-based approach can have a positive impact on brain health and reversal of risk factors for memory loss and dementia. This evidence is demonstrating that physical exercise affects brain plasticity, influencing cognition, and well-being; playing an important role in counteracting normal and pathological aging.
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